The two-island state of Trinidad and Tobago lies in the Caribbean Sea, at its closest point only 12 km (7.2 miles) from the northeast coast of Venezuela. Trinidad and Tobago are the most southern of the Caribbean islands, Tobago lying 31 km (18,6 miles) to the northeast of its larger neighbour. Trinidad has an area of 4,821 km² , Tobago 303 km². The forested Northern Range, which stretches along the north coast of Trinidad, rises to 940m (El Cerro de Aripo). The islands are located between 60° to 62° western geographic longitude and 10° to 12° northern geographic latitude and has an area of 5,124 square kilometres (1,978 square miles). The latitude and longitude of the capital, Port of Spain (Trinidad), are about 61°30' W and 10°40' N. 


 What are the geographical coordinates of Trinidad & Tobago? 

Latitude: 11º 00' North of the Equator 

Longitude : 61º 00' West of Greenwich

What is the official name of  Trinidad & Tobago?

Conventional long form: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

 Conventional short form: Trinidad and Tobago 



 The Temple Abevano do Amanhecer is situated in Valencia.



Trinidad Economy 


Unlike the rest of the Caribbean, Trinidad and Tobago is primarily a business and industry-based economy, with an emphasis on petroleum and petrochemicals. 


Trinidad is an oil producing nation, and the fifth largest producer of natural gas in the world supplying two thirds of all LNG imported into the USA. Trinidad's Tran 4, is currently the largest LNG plant in the world. Consequently, Trinidad and Tobago is the wealthiest independent Caribbean country, boasting a comparatively high standard of living and literacy rate. 


While Tobago has been referred to as "the jewel of the Caribbean" and has a more tourist-based economy, what you need to know about Trinidad and Tobago is that as a whole they do not depend on tourism as a major source of revenue. 


Image of the National Flag
The national flag was designed by the Independence Committee and selected to be used as the National Flag in 1962. Its colours are Red, White and Black.
is the colour most expressive of our country. It represents the vitality of the land and its people; it is the warmth and energy of the sun, the courage and friendliness of the people.
is the sea by which these lands are bound: the cradle of our heritage; the purity of our aspirations and the equality of all men under the sun.
The Black represents for us the dedication of the people joined together by one strong bond. It is the colour of strength, of unity, of purpose and of the wealth of the land. The colours chosen represent the elements Earth, Water and Fire which encompass all our past, present and future and inspire us as one united, vital, free and dedicated people.

Description of the National Flag of Trinidad and Tobago: On a Red Field, a Bend Dexter Sable bordered Silver, that is to say, there is on the Red Field a diagonal from left to right in Black bordered with White. The width of the Black and White bands joined side by side at the upper dexter corner of the Flag is on one- fifth of the full length of the Flag, and the width of each White band is one-sixth of the width of the White and Black bands together.


Image of the Coat of ArmsThe Coat of Arms of Trinidad and Tobago was designed by a committee formed in 1962 to select the symbols that would be representative of the people of Trinidad and Tobago. The committee included noted artist Carlyle Chang and designer the late George Bailey.

The Coat of Arms with the accompanying motifs which represent indigenous features of Trinidad and Tobago were selected and formally agreed to be used as the Coat of Arms of Trinidad and Tobago in 1962, in a design approved by the College of Arms.

The Birds represented on the Coat of Arms of Trinidad and Tobago are the Scarlet Ibis, the Cocrico (native to Tobago) and the Hummingbird. The three ships represent the Trinity as well as the three ships of Columbus. The three Peaks were principal motifs of Trinidad's early British Colonial Seals and Flag-Badges. They commemorated both Columbus' decision to name Trinidad after the Blessed Trinity and the three Peaks of the Southern mountain range, called the "Three Sisters" on the horizon. The fruited Coconut Palm dates back to the great seals of British Colonial Tobago in the days when the Island was a separate administrative unit.

Our Motto: Together we aspire, Together we achieve" - speaks for itself and promotes harmony in diversity for national achievement.

Arms: Per chevron enhanced sable and gules a chevrenel enhanced argent between a chief two Hummingbirds respectant gold and in base three ships of the period of Christopher Columbus also gold the sails set proper.

Crest: Upon a Wreath argent and gules in front of a Palm Tree proper a ship's wheel gold.

Supporters: Upon a Compartment representing two Islands arising from the sea, on the dexter side a Scarlet Ibis and on the sinister side a Cocrico, both proper and with wings elevated and addorsed.



Image of the National FlowerThe national flower, the Chaconia, (Warszewiczia Coccinea (Vahl) Kl.), called "Wild Poinsettia" or "Pride of Trinidad and Tobago" is a flaming red forest flower of the family Rubianceae. The title is in honour of the last Spanish Governor of Trinidad and Tobago Don Jose Maria Chacon. This flower, which is known by its long sprays of magnificent vermillion, will be in bloom on every anniversary of our Independence. As an indigenous flower it has been witness to our entire history. It can therefore be said to represent the imperishability of life and the continuity of our Nation. With its colour matching the flaming red of our Flag and Coat of Arms and bearing the same symbolism, the Chaconia harmonizes with the other national Emblems.



The National Birds, which are represented on the Coat of Arms of Trinidad and Tobago, are the Scarlet Ibis, which represents Trinidad, and the Cocrico, which represents Tobago.

                                                                                      Image of the Scarlet Ibis


 THE SCARLET IBIS (Tantalus Ruber) - is to be found in the Caroni Swamp, Central Trinidad. This beautiful bird is brown when young and its colour changes to red when it is mature.



 THE COCRICO (Rufus Tailed Guan) is a native of Tobago and Venezuela but is not found in Trinidad. It is the only game bird on the island and is referred to as the Tobago Pheasant. It is about the size of a common fowl, brownish in colour with a long tail. They go about in flocks of about six (6) and their quaint calls can be heard especially on early morning and late evenings. Both birds are protected by law.

Image of the Cocrico












Forged from the love of liberty, 

In the fires of hope and prayer, 

With boundless faith in our Destiny, 

We solemnly declare, 

Side by side we stand, 

Islands of the blue Caribbean Sea,

 This our Native Land, 

We pledge our lives to Thee, 

Here every creed and race finds an equal place, 

And may God bless our Nation, 

Here every creed and race finds an equal place, 

And may God bless our Nation.  



Image of a steel pan
The National Instrument of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago The steelpan is a musical instrument indigenous to Trinidad and Tobago whose early evolution dates back to the 1930's and 40's. Traditionally made from a steel drum or container, it is a definite percussion instrument in the idophone class. The playing surface is divided into convex sections by channel, groves and / or bores and each convex section is a note tuned to a definite pitch. The range and assortment of today's instruments makes it possible to execute the simplest of melodies to the most complex arrangements found in orchestration.